ValueError in Django migration

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I’ve recently started developing in Python+Django again for a personal site that I’m working on and for far too long today I’ve been pulling my hair out when trying to write what should be a fairly simple migration using migrations.RunPython() to generate a default value to assign to a new OneToOneField column.

The rather confusing error message that I was receiving is:

ValueError: Cannot assign "<User: blah>": "Profile.account" must be a "User" instance.

This seems to be the same problem described at, but nothing mentioned in that post worked.

I was hopeful when I came across that this was a known issue, but alas whilst similar it’s not exactly the same problem and that bug was closed over a year ago. Back to square one!

What was particularly confusing was that the same code seemed to work as expected when run in the Django shell:

from foo.models import Profile, Article
from django.contrib.auth.models import User
first_superuser = User.objects.all().filter(is_superuser=True).first()
default_profile = Profile(account=first_superuser, biography="")

After a lot of fiddling, I eventually realised that the way which I was importing the User model from the built in Django auth system was wrong for a migration and so I replaced:

from django.contrib.auth.models import User


User = apps.get_model('auth', 'user')

And now the migration finally works as expected. 🙂


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